Hypertension, also referred to as high blood pressure, is a condition that occurs when the force of blood against the artery walls is high enough to cause long term heart problems. The condition often progresses gradually over a period of time and if left untreated can cause damage to the blood vessels and organs. Factors that can influence the likelihood of hypertension include family history, age, race, and tobacco and salt consumption. Stress can also lead to heightened blood reassure.
Since hypertension progresses gradually over time, there are often no identifiable early symptoms. If blood pressure continues to increase gradually, it may lead to the following complications:
- Heart attack
- Damaged blood vessels